The Wall Street Journal | August 29, 2016 Room-rental services such as Airbnb Inc. are blurring the line between residential and commercial property. That is causing problems for some homeowners looking to refinance mortgages. (Read what Airbnb hosts need to know.)
Big banks including Bank of America Corp. and Wells Fargo & Co. are subjecting some refinance customers who rent rooms to additional scrutiny. Some borrowers have been told they were no longer eligible for certain kinds of loans or would have to pay higher interest rates, according to the customers.
“This is kind of novel,” said Jeffrey Naimon, a consumer-finance attorney and partner at law firm BuckleySandler LLP. “I don’t think the market has gotten its arms around it.”
The issue for lenders is how to classify loans in the Airbnb age. Historically, that has been easy: A house usually was either a principal residence or an investment property. Mortgages on the latter are often viewed as riskier because owners had less of a personal connection to the house and rental income isn’t always reliable.
Now, the distinction isn’t so clear-cut. Online-rental services are spreading rapidly; Airbnb’s website had 455,223 active listings in the U.S. as of July, up 80% from a year earlier, according to research firm YipitData. That is posing challenges to lenders and frustrating some customers, illustrating how fast-paced technological change can reverberate in unexpected ways.
The issue comes up when borrowers report income from services such as Airbnb when applying for a new loan, often in hope of improving their credit profile. That, they hope, can lead to a better interest rate on a loan. Read more here.